This research focuses on the exploration of vertical openings in 3D printed earthen walls. It seeks to answer the question:

How to construct medium and large vertical openings in earth 3D printing, providing a maximum opening ratio while minimizing mass and material usage?

The objectives of this research are:

  • Geometrical stability of vertical columns (jamb) between two openings through internal geometry and toolpath planning
  • Geometrical stability of window lintel
  • Improving the stability of jamb and lintel
  • Optimizing the quantity of printed earth
  • Stress resistance of connection of jamb and sill