Main challenge: densify city,  connect nature, and mitigate embedded CO2

Singapore is one of the densest countries in the World. Nature-conscious city densification has to consider reimbursement of natural patches within built environment, applying an connecting nature approach similar to a multi-tiered tropical forest.

Mitigation of embodied carbon stays in  a row with nature connectivity. Involvement of modular construction, especially with carbon storing and sequestering materials as timber and hempcrete. Thus, our intention is to find an optimal ratio of modules from prefabricated concrete, metal frame, and timber frame with hempcrete considering structural strength, visual aesthetics and mitigation of embedded CO2 in materials, that could be proposed for multiplication throughout all future renovation projects in Singapore.