The MAA is a visionary master program with an innovative and open structure, mixing diverse disciplines, shaping professionals capable of producing theoretical & practical solutions towards responsive cities, architecture & technology.


Tiny Topographies

Optimizing Bar Buildings for Sunlight and Pathways The aim of this project was to design a typology of housing is needed that resembles small, artificial terrains. The Bar Building typology will have set of long, dense buildings that will mimic the form of a topography. The forms will need to be optimized to allow for all the … Read more

From butterfly wing to buildings.

The shapes of butterfly wings is a product of genetic programming, developmental biology, and evolutionary adaptations. Variations in wing shape among different species result from adaptations to their ecological niches, predation pressures, and other environmental factors. Different butterfly species have evolved wing shapes adapted to their specific ecological niches. For example, some species have wings … Read more

Mushroom Façade

Facade optimization based on Sunlight   Two layers of the facade: one is stable, and the other layer grows based on the points that are warmer or receive more  sunlight to reduce heat and sunlight. The design objectives Environmental Sustainability Energy Efficiency: Reduce energy consumption for heating, cooling, and lighting. Climate Adaptation: Design to adapt to … Read more

F1 Horizons

This optimization uses computational design to achieve the best placement of the Grand-Stand around a predefined F1 racetrack and topology for maximum visibility for spectators using Grasshopper and Galapagos Evolutionary solver.


Design optimization strategy of a garage in London based on Karamba and Ladybug Sensitivity Analysis Total (average) fitness iterations Catalogues load distribution in ceiling in different iterations


PHYLLOTAXIS The arrangement of leaves or floral parts around a stem or axis is called phyllotaxis. The term comes from the Greek phullon – ‘leaf’ and taxis – ‘arrangement’. The model was first proposed by Wilhelm Hofmeister in 1868. IMPORTANCE: The objective of the phyllotaxis is to avoid overcrowding. So that all leaves get maximum … Read more


Team member(s): Josh OatesModified by Josh Oates on March 6, 2024 OPTIMIZING FOR INTERNAL BUILDING VIEWS AND BALCONY SPACE DESIGN DRIVER | Fractal Tree Growth Previous Computation Design II Project In my previous project, I used Lindenmayer systems (L-systems) in Grasshopper to simulate fractal growth, modeling complex natural structures like trees and plants. Using the Rabbit plugin, I generated … Read more

The Greenhouse

Optimization strategy These adaptable panels will stay transparent as long as the heat is beneficial for the plant, but will turn opaque when the heat is too strong and could harm the plant. Adaptation design objectives Pseudo-code: Optimization GIF Worst fitness Best fitness LadyBug sun analysis Iterations Catalog Iterations from worst (most uneven sunlight/heat distribution … Read more

The Rippled Facade

Optimizing the building skin inspired by Rippled droplets Meta balls as an isomorphic surfaces constructed as composite assemblages of the mutually infecting parametric objects with internal forces of mass and attraction.region of influence,which could be additive (positive) or subjective(negative)Isomorphic architecture(Bubble) Blobitecture , blobism and blobism are terms for a movement in architecture in which buildings … Read more

Responsive Living——Underwater Coral Residence

Background Self-sustaining growth patterns of coral ecosystems can provide sustainable underwater living environments. Pseudocode Influencing Factors Surface Type Generate Coral Optimal lighting Surface Type (Optimal lighting) Responsive Structure The structure of the coral residence changes shape with sunlight. During the day, corals expand to maximize photosynthesis, and at night, they contract to conserve energy. Responsive … Read more

Optimizing daylight for a hospital plan 

Inspired by fractalization and branching of “snowflakes” Fractal growth refers to the development or expansion of structures or patterns in a way that exhibits self-similarity at various scales.  Fractals are often characterized by intricate and complex shapes that can be created through iterative processes for efficiency and structurability. Fractal patterns assist us with research into … Read more

Ultra-thin elements

The project Optimizing ultra-thin Concrete elements Spacing for Maximum Visual Access experiments the impact of ultra-thin concrete elements in a built space particularly in the realm of visual access. With the help of computational tools like ladybug Vision analysis its impact on Performance is evaluated. Spider webs are one of the best inspiration for various structural … Read more

Voronoi structure optimization

Based on natural phenomenon_ Topography of trabecular architecture Research Question _ Design an optimal Voronoi based building We can start with volume Then to see how to structure Fitness values parameters_ Building Elements Volume optimization_ (Semi) Lloyd’s Relaxation Since Lloyd’s algorithm require multiple iterations to achieve the most optimal position, a single iteration has been … Read more

Ode to a sunflower

hUB4 ARCHITECTS New Ways Of Living The new ways of living project aims to create a harmonious blend of indoor and outdoor living spaces , promoting biodiversity and enhancing residents well-being. each apartment features expansive terraces designed with planting spaces. each terrace space is shaded by the terrace above it to reduce heat gain while … Read more

Optimizing green spaces

Optimizing green spaces is a project that aims to spot potential areas (plazas) around the cities, that are “dry” spaces, meaning that are composed mainly by pavement, and transform them into green areas, to enhance the quality of life who lives around and who is walking by, taking in consideration how people occupy the space … Read more


“This project involves creating a second skin system optimized with Galapagos to reduce sunlight radiation in interior spaces. The design is inspired by snowflakes and their hexagonal molecular structure. Depending on sunlight, building facades are designed differently; panels are positioned and scaled based on radiation levels. Subsequently, a Voronoi pattern is applied to these panels, … Read more